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Info regarding cannabis genetics

What are auto flowering cannabis plants?

Monday, September 10th, 2012

We have been asked by many of our customers about what auto-flowering strains of cannabis are. We have been given this article by our friends at www.autoflower.co.uk which is very useful in explaining what what autoflowering cannabis seeds are.

Normal strains of cannabis need to have a reduction to 12 hours of light before they will start flowering but autoflowering cannabis strains completely eliminate the need to induce flowering by reduction of day-light hours. It eliminates the need for a timer or the need to wait until autumn for the marijuana plant to start flowering and it will grow consistently well and finish under 24 hours of light, from germination to harvest, in eight weeks to 10 weeks.

Autoflowering cannabis plants altogether do away with a vegetative growth stage. Basically, you plant it, it sprouts, grows a set of leaves, then immediately and automatically begins flowering. This generally starts after around 3 weeks, the males showing signs of flowering a few days before the females. As a result, ‘autos‘ are the quickest, most compact, and most easily hidden marijuana plant available.

Auto strains can easily be kept hidden because of their tiny size and early flowering, whether planted in fields, in yards, on patios or even on windowsills. When planted in the spring, they will produce ripe bud earlier than any available variety. Autoflowering cannabis seeds can be planted, grown and harvested several times per season (in your garden for example), without attracting unwanted attention. Due to their super-fast life cycle (8-9 weeks), auto flowering marijuana strains can be planted up to early August. They can be simply and very succesfully grown in the most unlikely locations, from Alaska and Norway (auto flowering cannabis will bud and finish in the 24hr light of Arctic summers) to the city flat and apartment balconies of the world!

Having no vegetative stage, autoflowering strains cannot be cloned or regenerated. Replanting seeds is a must but having 8-10 week growth cycle producing your own seeds and creating your own strains is not a problem anyway. Anyhow, this plant’s special advantages do away with any reason for cloning in the first place. Also, seeds are much easier to move around and handle and have a higher success rate than clones anyway.

We stock a huge range of feminised autoflowering seeds cannabis seeds on our auto fems page.

Cannabis indica

Monday, September 10th, 2012

Cannabis comes in 3 sub-species, cannabis indica, cannabis sativa and cannabis Ruderalis

Today we discribe strains of cannabis as indica, sativa or a hybrid of the two.

indica strains are generally relatively short, conical with tightly packed branches, whereas Cannabis sativa strains can be described as tall with spaced out branches.

indica plants tend to have short, broad leaves whereas sativa plants have leaves that are relatively long and narrow.

Its is important for us to understand each subspecies to get a feeling for the genetic make up of the plant in question

Cannabis indica

These broad leaved strains of marijuana have typically been produced in India, Afghanistan and Pakistan for the production of Hashish. Pharmacologically, indica strains tend to have a much higher cannabidiol (CBD) content than cannabis sativa strains.

For the end user this results in more of a stoned feeling whereas the sativa strains which tend to have higher levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) give the user more of a ‘high’ or ‘trippy’ feeling.

Because of the short summers in the regions that Indica strains originate they tend to finish flowering much more quickly than sativa strains, many going through the full flowering cycle within 8 weeks.

As they have less time to grow they stay shorter and produce solid resin covered buds which traditionally made them perfect for the production of Hashish.

Some examples of pure indica strains are:

Spoetnik from paradise seeds

pure indica strain

Spoetnik is a pure indica strain

Himalaya Gold from greenhouse seeds

greenhouse female himalaya gold

Pure indica strain himalaya gold

Next Generation Afghani Kush feminised

Afghan kush indica seeds

Pure indica afghani kush seeds

Cannabis plant gender

Monday, September 10th, 2012

The sex of a marijuana plant is an important thing as Cannabis plants are either male or female. In order to sexually reproduce the male cannabis plant produces pollen which pollinates the flowers of the female marijuana plant, which once pollenated will produce seeds. If the female cannabis plant isn’t pollinated (due to no pollen producing male plants being close by), the flowers/buds will continue to develop and produce THC as well as various other compounds. Female plants which do not get pollinated by a male cannabis plant are referred to as sensemilla (without seeds).

gender of cannabis plant